Burn is a skin injury that leads to pain and redness. These burns are commonly known as first, second, third, fourth degree. Apart from first and second-degree burn, the remaining two always require medical treatment. People experience first degree burns especially in kitchen. Most of the time, burns are caused when a person comes in contact with hot objects, electricity chemicals, sunlight, radiation or even steam. Friction burns, otherwise known as carpet or rug burns are common in sport. If left untreated, these minor burns can develop into agonizing blisters. Some of the common after effects of burns are blisters, moistness, swelling, blackening, itchiness, etc. Listed below are some of the home remedies for burns which will help relieve the pain and cure the scar as well.
Home Remedies for Burns
Place the affected area under the running coldwater for 10-20 minutes or apply a cold press on the burn for a few minutes. Repeat it again after a few hours. When it comes to treating burns, water is the first remedy one should use as it prevents the burn sensation to last longer.
Note: Do not apply ice on burns as it can restrict the flow of blood in the area and hence cause more damage to the skin tissues.
2. Baking Soda
Baking soda is found effectual in treating burns. Simply, mix some baking soda with water and apply it on the affected area. Keep it for a couple of minutes and rinse afterwards.
Raw honey has antiseptic properties that fastens the healing process and reduces the burning sensation. Apply some honey on the burn, it will kill any bacteria present on the skin and prevent the formation of scar. You can also apply honey on a gauze pad and place it on the burn. Wrap it up with another bandage and leave it on for a few hours. Do it three times a day.
4. Black Tea Bags
Black tea contains tannic acid that helps reduce the pain and heal the burn quickly. Simply soak some tea bags in cold water for a couple of minutes and dab them gently on the burn and wrap them with a bandage.
5. Raw Potato
Take a raw potato and cut it into half. Now rub the potato slice lightly on the burn. The juice released from potato slice has soothing and anti-irritating properties which aids in treating minor burns.
6. Wheat Flour
Wheat flour absorbs the moisture on the burnt skin and starts the healing procedure. Take grounded wheat flour and apply it on the affected part. It is a natural band-aid that protects skin from external irritants.
7. Coconut Oil and Lemon Juice
Mix a tablespoon of coconut oil and a teaspoon of lemon juice, and apply it on the burn. The vitamin E and fatty acids present in coconut oil work as anti-oxidizing, anti-fungal and anti-bacterial agent that heals the burn, and the acidic properties of lemon lightens the burn mark.
Pour a few teaspoons of milk on the burn mark or apply a gauze pad dipped in milk on the burn mark and leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes. The protein in milk soothes the burn and fastens the healing.
9. White Vinegar
The acetic acid found in white vinegar fastens the healing process and relieves pain associated with burns. Pour some vinegar on the cotton ball and dab it on the burn. Besides, vinegar also prevents any kind of infection.
The antibacterial properties of salt help treat moderate burns. First of all, wash the affected area with cold water and apply salt on it. Besides healing, it combats bacterial action as well.
11. Mint Toothpaste
This is an excellent choice for burn relief especially in case when you touch something hot. Apply a thin layer of any mint tooth paste on the burn and let it dry.
Add some oats to a bowl of water and then dip the affected area into the bowl or you can add the oats to a bathtub of water and soak your body in it for 20 to 25 minutes. Air-dry the area so that only a slight layer remains. Oats are particularly useful when your burn is healing and you’re tempted to scratch it
13. Onion Juice
Onion juice contains quercetin and sulfur compounds that relieve the pain. Peel and cut a few onion slices. Now apply the slice on the burn and keep it there for a while. It may sting initially but the pain will soon vanish. Do it several times a day.
14. Banana peel
Simply put the banana peel on the burn until it becomes black. It is really effective in healing burn injuries.
The full fat yogurt can be applied on burn after 30 minutes. Its cooling effect eases the burning sensation and provides immense relief.
Herbal Remedies for Burns
16. Lavender Essential Oil
Apply diluted lavender oil on the affected area multiple times a day. Alternatively, you can apply the oil on gauze pad and place it on the wound. This is known as one of the excellent choices for what to put on a burn.
Note: Never apply concentrated lavender oil directly on the skin.
17. Plantain Leaves
Using a mortar and pestle, crush a handful of fresh plantain leaves. Squeeze the leaves with your hands to extract the juice and apply it on the burn. You can also apply the pounded leaves directly on the burn and wrap them in gauze.
18. Olive Oil
Apply a thin layer of the olive oil on the burn several times during the day. It will fasten the healing process and prevents scars as well.
19. Aloe Vera
Take an aloe vera leaf and extract the gel out of it or cut the aloe vera leaf into half and then apply the gel directly on the burn. It will surely cool down the burning sensation. The astringent properties of aloe-vera fasten the healing process. Moreover, you can apply an aloe vera cream.
Rub some vanilla extract on the burn using a cotton ball. The alcohol in the vanilla extract will help cool down the burning sensation.
21. Herbal Infusion
Mix some elderflowers, witch hazel and comfrey to make an infusion. Dip a gauze pad in the infusion and place it on the burn.
22. Castor Oil
Take some castor oil and apply it on the burn. Cover it with gauze and wrap it with a bandage.
Note: The aforesaid remedies are for first degree burns. In case of serious burns, it is advised to contact a doctor for the medical treatment.
- Cover all electrical outlets so that children do not stick their fingers in the sockets.
- Always use oven mitts while baking in the kitchen.
- Remove tight clothing before the swelling occurs.
- Cover the burn with a neat cotton material.
- Do not scratch the wound once it starts healing as it may leave a scar.
- Do not apply any ointment, soap, ice, and oil spray on the burn as it can interfere healing.