For most people, nosebleeds are a rare occurrence and are usually the result of injury or trauma to the nose. A quick tip back of the head, holding a tissue to the nose with a gentle pinch is all that is required to stop the bleeding. However for some, nosebleeds are a common and distressing ailment that can start for almost any reason, gush blood profusely and just don’t stop, ruining your clothes and definitely your day. Nosebleeds start when the tiny blood vessels, a network of small capillaries on the lining of the nose, rupture and break (1). The are many reasons why these capillaries can suddenly rupture but fortunately, there are several home remedies for nosebleed that you should use to treat your nosebleed and stop the blood.
What Causes Nosebleeds?
The causes of nosebleeds can be numerous and can vary from blowing the nose very hard, overuse of decongestant nasal spray, use of chemical irritant, deviated septum, injury, and even cocaine abuse (4). For some, just the natural inflammation from a cold, an allergy or perhaps just the crisp winter’s air can cause your nose capillaries to swell and rupture.
If you suffer from nosebleeds, you should know that there are two types – anterior and posterior, depending on where the bleeding in the nose originates. Anterior nosebleeds are the most common and they start when the blood vessels in the front part of the nose rupture; a posterior nosebleed, which is more severe or chronic nosebleed, starts when the blood vessels at the back of your nose rupture (2). Anterior nosebleeds generally occur when the climate is dry, which causes crusting, cracking, and then bleeding. On the other hand, a posterior nosebleed is rare and in this case, the blood flows back to the throat or back of the mouth. Both types of nosebleed are more frequent in the winter than in the summer (3).
There are many natural remedies that can solve your problem with ease. We have summarized some of the best and proven home remedies for nosebleeds. Have a look.
Home remedies for nosebleed
1. Cold Compress
This is one of the easiest and proven home remedies for nosebleeds. It is often recommended to apply a cold compress when you are facing this problem (5).
Just take a few ice cubes and wrap them in a thin towel. Sit in a position such that your head is slightly tilted towards the back. Apply the pack on the bridge of the nose for at least 5 minutes. Keep on repeating this with a gap of sometime in between, until the bleeding stops.
Note: Ignore the direct contact of the ice with your nose.
The very first step that one must perform is to pinch the nose. It has been seen that pinching the nose for some time can stop the nosebleed (6).
Just pinch the soft part of your nose with thumb and index finger while sitting straight with head tilted forward. Put a gentle pressure on the nose. Do this for 5-10 minutes without releasing the finger. Breathe with your mouth, while doing this.
3. Cayenne Pepper
Consuming cayenne pepper is another effective remedy to stop bleeding nose.
Drinking cayenne pepper water has been proved to be a useful solution (7).
Just add 1 tsp of the pepper powder in 1 cup of warm water. Drink it slowly to stop the nose bleeding.
- Alternatively, add the pepper powder in your food preparations.
So, just cut some slices of onions and keep it under your nose. Inhale the fumes until the bleeding stops. Also, if required, change the slices after sometime.
- Alternatively, just extract the juice of one onion and put a few drops into both nostrils.
5. Saline Water
Salt water is often recommended to treat the bleeding nose, as it lubricates and moisturizes the inner lining of the nose (9). This method is useful for nosebleeds in kids as well and can be used for prevention too (10).
Just mix one or two pinches of salt with ½ a cup of water. Place a few drops of the solution in the nose and leave it.
- Alternatively, put the spray in a nasal spray bottle and use it whenever required.
Cardamom is not only tasty but possesses many medicinal qualities also. It is used to enhance the taste of many dishes and is widely available. It is also used to cure bleeding from the nose, as some studies suggest (11). Take the fumes of the herbs to get relief.
7. Steam Inhalation
As already discussed, bleeding can also occur due to dry surroundings or dry nostrils. It is thus essential to keep it moist and hydrated. It is even beneficial for the children suffering from anterior epistaxis (12)
For this purpose, just take a bowl and fill it with warm water. Now, take a towel and cover your head and the bowl with that. Inhale the steam for some time and give a break after few seconds. Do this for 5-10 minutes to get cured.
Coriander is an age-old remedy for treating nosebleed and it has been proven by studies too (13). It can solve the problem of frequent nosebleed in adults also.
To use this, take out the juice of the leaves and put a few drops of it in your nose to stop the bleeding.
- Alternatively, you can also use coriander oil in place of the juice.
- Additionally, prepare a paste of the leaves by blending them and applying it on your head. This will impart a cooling effect and will eventually stop bleeding.
9. Petroleum Jelly
Moisturizing the inner lining of the nose is essential to prevent frequent nosebleeds. Petroleum jelly is one such agent that helps retain the moisture.
Just apply some of the petroleum jelly to the inside of your nose several times a day to prevent bleeding if you are prone to it (14).
Note: Don’t put it in an excess amount that it blocks the breathing passage.
10. Indian Gooseberry
Indian gooseberry has been used for many ailments due to the presence of many minerals and vitamins. The seeds of the fruit are used as the cure for bleeding nose (15).
Just fry the seeds in clarified butter and use it to massage on the forehead. This will stop bleeding after some time.
- Alternatively, you can also use the juice extracted from the fruit. Just put a few drops in your nostrils and the bleeding will stop after some time.
11. Vitamin K
Vitamin K is the essential vitamin that is required for blood clotting. Nosebleed is one of the diseases that can be caused due to deficiency of this vitamin or can also be caused if the blood is thin (16). To prevent this, consume foods, like spinach, broccoli, kale, etc., that are rich in this vitamin (17).
12. Vitamin C
A nosebleed can also occur during pregnancy because of the fact that the tissues get dry. In order to prevent nosebleeds during pregnancy, consume the food that is rich in vitamin C, like orange juice (18). Other food sources include kiwi, pineapple, papaya, mango, etc. (19).
13. Baking Soda
Baking soda can be used as a remedy for lots of diseases. To use this for treating the nosebleed, just mix ½ tsp of salt (iodine free) and ¼ tsp of baking soda in 1 cup of water and use this solution to rinse your nose (20).
- Alternatively, just mix some baking soda with water and spray it in your nose 3-4 times a day.
Herbal Remedies for Nosebleed
14. Lemon Essential Oil
Lemon oil is yet another effective and proven remedy for nosebleed (21). It has been used in aromatherapy for years and now many new therapeutic potentials have been recognized including curing a nosebleed.
Just put a few drops of the oil in the affected nose and leave it. The bleeding will stop after sometime.
15. Shephard’s Purse
The botanic name of Shephard’s purse is Capsella Bursa Pastoris. It is an astringent, anti-inflammatory, and diuretic herb that has been used for recurrent epistaxis or nosebleed for decades (22). Simply consume the herb whenever you face the condition of nosebleed.
16. White Oak
White oak is astringent herb and is a powerful bioflavonoid. It is capable of solving many ailments of the body including chronic nosebleeds (23). Apply the paste of the herb on the affected nostril and the bleeding will stop after some time.
The herb, goldenseal, is a popular herb that is used for the treatment of many maladies of the body. It is also used as the main ingredient in the drench to prevent epistaxis, as revealed by studies (24).
To use this, heat some water and add 1-2 tsp of the herb powder to it. Let it brew for some time. Take the fumes in your nose to stop bleeding and prevent it.
18. Hypericum Gentianoides
Hypericum gentianoides is commonly known as orange grass and is found in almost all parts of Canada and USA. It has been used traditionally for mild nosebleeds (25). Just take the fumes of the herb for a few minutes to get rid of the condition. Do this until you get relief.
19. Holy Basil
For this, take a handful of the leaves and extract the juice. Put a few drops of it into your nose and repeat, whenever required.
The herb, yarrow, is used in many ways like tea, tincture, extract, etc., to cure many diseases. It has also been used to stop bleeding for decades (27). Just take the fumes of the herb, whenever you notice bleeding. The powder of the herb is also taken as a cure (28).
- Or else, take the leaves and put them in your nose carefully. Leave them until the bleeding stops.
21. Meadow Anemone
Meadow anemone is yet another effective remedy for the problem. It is used since ancient times to cure nosebleed (29). Just take the herb and prepare an infusion with hot water. Inhale the stem of this infusion for some time to cure the condition.
22. Herb Robert
It is also known by the name Robert geranium or stinky bob, and it’s found in abundance in Europe and Asia. Studies have shown that it has the ability to cure nosebleed (32). Inhale the fumes of the herb to cure the disorder.
Nettle has been used for long to treat nosebleed, but more studies are needed for its effectiveness (33).
For the cure, you can inhale the fumes of nettle leaves directly.
- Alternatively, the juice obtained from the leaves can be put in the nose to stop bleeding instantly.
- You can also consume 1 or 2 cups of the tea daily if you are prone to the condition.
Note: You should not consume more than 4 to 6 grams of the herb with at least 2 liters of a liquid in a day (34).
Diet for Nosebleeds
The diet plays an important role in each and every disease, and hence, it is vital in nosebleeds also (35).
- If you are suffering from nosebleeds, then you should not consume any food that is responsible for blood thinning.
- Iron is the mineral that is essential for the production of hemoglobin, which is an important compound of red blood cells. Consuming foods rich in iron can prevent bleeding from the nose.
- Also, along with vitamin K and C, food sources that are rich in zinc, must also be included in the diet, because the mineral helps maintain the blood vessels in the body.
- If the bleeding doesn’t stop after 20 minutes, contact a doctor (36).
- Keep your nails short to discourage pricking (37).
- Stay in a warm environment; for this, you can humidify your home.
- Stay hydrated.
- Don’t strain yourself and lift anything by bending down.
- Do not smoke, as it dries out nasal passage.
- If your child is suffering from the disease, don’t panic as it may scare the child.